Emergency and Critical Care Course

Written & Presented by: TBC

8 hours CPD

Course Coming Soon!

Course Overview


The structure of this course has been designed to provide an up to date approach to some of the most commonly seen emergencies in small animal practice. The course has been divided into 8 modules.

  1. Triage and initial approach

  2. Cardiovascular emergencies

  3. Fluid Therapy

  4. Analgesia

  5. Poisons

  6. Urinary tract obstruction

  7. Respiratory obstruction

  8. Clinical Cases

For the learning objectives and for more information on each module, read below.

Module 1: Triage and initial approach


Learning Objectives and Module Content: 


  • Be able to approach the emergency case calmly and efficiently, initial triage, physical exam and history taking.

  • Demonstrate a thorough and logical diagnostic approach to investigation, treatment and prognosis.


Module 2: Cardiovascular emergencies


Learning Objectives and Module Content: 


  • Brief overview of initial approach to stabilising a patient, possible findings on physical exam, typical history when presented with a cardiovascular emergency.

  • Discuss methods of assessing cardiovascular status such as ECG and echocardiography.

  • Overview of how common cardiovascular drugs are used to stabilise the critically ill patients such as antiarrhythmics vasopressors, inotropes and antihypertensives.

Module 3: Fluid Therapy 

Learning Objectives and Module Content: 

  • Achieve a thorough understanding of crystalloid, colloid and blood products and the appropriate use of each.

  • Practical approach to assessing and calculating patients fluid requirements.

  • Calculating constant rate infusion dosages and volumes, using fluid pumps and syringe drivers.

Module 4: Analgesia


Learning Objectives and Module Content: 


  • Understand basic physiology of pain transmission pathways.

  • Understand how the most commonly used analgesics in the critically ill patient block those pathways.

  • Key indications, contraindications and possible adverse affects of those drugs used most commonly in the critically ill patient and when we should be providing analgesia. E.g. ketamine, morphine, buprenorphine etc.


Module 5. Poisons

Learning Objectives and Module Content: 


  • Discuss and explain typical history and when to suspect a toxicity.

  • Discuss physical examination findings, diagnostic algorithm, and treatment options for common toxicities such as vitamin K antagonists, paracetamol in cats, ethylene glycol etc.


Module 6: Urinary tract obstruction


Learning Objectives and Module Content: 


  • Stabilization, investigation, haematology, anaesthesia and fluid regime.

  • Treatment of hyperkalaemia in the blocked male cat.

  • Urinary catheterisation.

Module 7: Respiratory emergencies

Learning Objectives and Module Content: 

  • Initial stabilisation and physical examination findings including being able to differentiate between cardiac and respiratory causes of clinical signs in an emergency situation.

  • Understand factors controlling respiratory function and how to assess ventilation-perfusion mismatches.

  • Gain a better understanding of suitable anaesthetic protocols where sedation or general anesthesia is required in the respiratory compromised patient.


Module 8: Clinical Cases


  • Discussion of case examples from modules 1 through to 7.

Following the 8 modules, there is a final MCQ exam to gain CPD certificate.