Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) 

  • Feline idiopathic cystitis or FLUTD is a common condition occurring in cats 

  • Feline idiopathic cystitis causes cats to display symptoms of cystitis 

  • Overweight, male, indoor cats are those most at risk of developing feline idiopathic cystitis 

  • A cat can become blocked secondary to feline idiopathic cystitis, if this occurs it is a medical emergency. 

  • Always contact your vet immediately if you notice any issues with your cat's ability to urinate. 

 

It is generally thought that feline idiopathic cystitis is related to stress, the abnormal stress response causes inflammation of the bladder walls. This in turn causes cats to feel uncomfortable and like they need to constantly try and empty their bladder. Cats with feline idiopathic cystitis will generally squat multiple times in an attempt to do so, their urine may appear blood tinged and you may see spots of this in abnormal places around the house. They may also lick excessively at their back legs, this is a sign of discomfort. 

 

If you ever see your cat straining to pass urine unproductively - this is a medical emergency and you must get your cat to the vets immediately. 

 

Treatment 

 

  • Anti-inflammatories: this will help relieve the inflammation in the bladder walls and make your cat feel more comfortable. 

  • Reduce stress: stress is a big factor in cats with feline idiopathic cystitis and if not addressed then it is likely your cat will get further episodes of cystitis in the future. 

  • Increase water intake: by encouraging your cat to drink more, their urine will be more dilute meaning they will pass urine more easily. 

  • Supplements: there are a range of nutraceuticals available which can naturally   

  • Antibiotics: antibiotics are not generally indicated in cats with feline idiopathic cystitis as there is not usually a bacterial element in cats, however in some cases, such as older animals there may be an exception. This will be at your veterinarians discretion. 

  • Weight loss: if your cat is overweight this can contribute to their chances of developing feline idiopathic cystitis. Discuss weight loss with your vet. 


 

How can I reduce stress for my cat? 

Stress in cats is very common, there are a multitude of reasons which may cause a cat to be stressed. For example, a new puppy, multi-cat households, moving house or trips in the car.

 

  • Cats benefit from having their own space, always make sure your cat has space to hide away undisturbed. 

  • Provide more litter trays than needed for the number of cats in the house. 

  • Provide plenty of places where cats can drink undisturbed. 

  • You can use nutraceutical diffusers in the home with se pheromones to help calm cats. 

  • Provide individual food bowls for each pet in places where they will nor be distrubed by people or other cats. 

  • Prevent other cats from letting themselves into the house by using a cat flap which can detect your pets microchip, this will mean your cat can always hide away if there are cats in the neighbourhood they would rather avoid. 

  • Regular feeding schedule